Border Collie or Australian Shepherd: which one to choose?


Size, character… It is not easy to differentiate the Border Collie from the Australian Shepherd. Yet these two breeds of dog are very distinct. Explanation.

the border collie and the Australian shepherd are two particularly popular herding dog breeds. First intended for the conduct of herds of sheep and cattle, these two breeds of dogs are today appreciated for their intelligence and their obedience.

Sheepdogs of different origins

The Border Collie and the Australian Shepherd are both herding dogs, they belong to the group 1 : Shepherd and Cattle dogs. They are excellent working dogs known for their herding skills. Endowed with a great capacity for adaptation, they are also used as a hunting dog or even as an assistance dog.

Although belonging to the same group, the Border Collie and the Australian Shepherd both have different origins. The Border Collie is a dog originating from Scotland. And contrary to what its name implies, the Australian Shepherd is not native to Australia, but to the Basque Country. The Australian Shepherd was recognized as a breed by the American Kennel Club in 1991 while the Border Collie was recognized in 1995.

Dogs with very active temperaments

The Border Collie and the Australian Shepherd are considered very intelligent dogs. Reputed to be loyal and affectionate, they are very pleasant companions for the whole family. Active and energetic, these dogs need to learn and exert themselves physically. They are not really made for apartment living. Their sheepdog instincts predestine them to large green spaces rather than city life.

Of a sociable nature, they are rarely quarrelsome, but can be somewhat reserved during the first meetings. However, they are very good alert dogs, endowed with great courage. Praised for their adaptability and their obedient character, the Border Collie and the Australian Shepherd must be educated from an early age with firmness, but without violence. Their good learning ability allows them to participate in many dog ​​sports.

Physics: how to tell them apart?

The Border Collie and the Australian Shepherd are medium-sized dogs. But the Australian Shepherd is generally heavier and more robust than the Border Collie, which has finer features. However, their general physiology remains similar: a well-marked stop, almond-shaped eyes, a square head and a naturally hanging tail.

Table of differences between the two breeds
border collie Australian shepherd
Cut 45 to 55cm 46 to 58cm
Weight 18 to 28 kg 19 to 34 kg
Life expectancy 10 to 14 years old 12 to 15 years old
Price 800 to 1200 euro 700 to 1500 euro

We can nevertheless notice a difference in the coat. The Australian Shepherd has a straight and slightly wavy coat while the Border Collie can have a long, semi-long, short and much denser coat. Finally, we also notice a difference in the ears. The Border Collie can have erect or semi-erect ears while the Australian Shepherd’s are droopy.

Adopting an animal commits you, it is a decision that you will have to think carefully about. Do not hesitate to contact your veterinarian or the shelter closest to you before starting. They will be able to give you their advice on the breed of dog that will suit you best.


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